There are several different nursing theories and models that work to help nurses perform their job and help their patient in the best way possible. A nursing theory is designed to guide the nursing practice and, typically, involves concepts, models and assumptions. Nursing models allow the theory to be applied to the practice of nursing. This means that nursing models offer several examples to help nurses practice these theories in a real-life situation. Read on the learn more about the most common nursing theories and models.
- Florence Nightingale's Legacy of Caring – Florence Nightingale wrote one of the first theories of nursing in 1860. She focused on the relationship between the patient and their environment and felt that manipulating or changing the patient's environment would help the "body's reparative processes."
- Ernestine Wiedenbach's Theory of Clinical Nursing – Ernestine Wiedenbach's theory of clinical nursing is also known as the helping art of clinical nursing. This nursing theory focuses on individualizing care for each patient. This is done by assessing the individual needs of each patient, so the nurse knows when to step in and help the patient. This assessment involves observation and understanding the patient's behavior. Under this theory, the nurse learns how to identify causes of discomfort and knowing when the client is able to resolve problems on their own, and when they need assistance.