If there’s any profession whose work is truly on the cutting edge, it’s that of the computer scientist. Computer scientists are the professionals who research, design, and create new technology and computer systems. They look for ways to design better computer systems to solve IT problems for businesses or clients, and they also produce innovative consumer goods. The type of information technology the computer scientist works with depends on their educational background and professional interests. Some work with virtual reality, computer chips, robotics, or software systems. Computer scientists make be employed in private firms or with colleges and universities. Those in academic settings are more likely to work on computer theory, while the research at private firms tends to be narrower and have more immediate practical or business applications.
Most information and computer scientists have a PhD degree in a relevant area, such as computer science, electrical engineering, or computer engineering. These intensive degree programs require that students conduct a large research project over a period of years, the results of which are documented in their dissertation. Applicants to these programs will need at least a bachelor’s degree in a computer or information science area.
The work of computer scientists is only growing in importance, as technology becomes more ingrained in business and everyday life. Because of this, job growth for computer scientists should be excellent in the coming years, and qualified applicants should have very good job prospects. Particular industries, such as software publishing and computer systems design, will be hiring a disproportionate number of new computer scientists. The middle half of computer scientists earn $75,000-124,000 a year.
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